The word ‘intersex’ is used to describe people born with sex characteristics (genes, hormones and others) that do not entirely fit the prevalent definitions of “female” and “male” bodies. This can manifest itself in secondary sexual characteristics (such as muscle mass, hair distribution, breasts and height), in primary sexual organs (reproductive organs, genitalia) and/or in hormones and chromosomic structures.
A highly problematic aspect is that intersex people are still pathologised, which means that they are considered “sick” or “abnormal”. Even today, intersex people are subject to medical procedures – especially hormone treatment and surgeries – without their consent, as these are often carried out during childhood. Most of the times there is no medical need for them, as intersex people tend to be in completely good health. Later, on the contrary, they may greatly suffer from the physical and mental consequences of these medical procedures.